April 20, 2023, Introduced by Senator SINGH and referred to the Committee on Health Policy.

A bill to amend 1956 PA 218, entitled

"The insurance code of 1956,"

(MCL 500.100 to 500.8302) by adding section 2094.

the people of the state of michigan enact:

Sec. 2094. (1) A contracting entity may grant a third party access to a provider network contract, or a provider's dental services or contractual discounts provided under a provider network contract, if both of the following requirements are met:

(a) At the time the provider network contract is entered into or renewed, or when there are material modifications to a contract relevant to granting access to a provider network contract to a third party, the dental carrier allows a provider that is part of the carrier's provider network to choose to not participate in third-party access to the provider network contract or to enter into a contract directly with the health insurer that acquired the provider network. If a provider opts out of lease arrangements, the contracting entity must not cancel or otherwise end a contractual relationship with the provider. When initially contracting with a provider, a contracting entity must accept a qualified provider if a provider rejects a network lease provision. This subdivision does not apply to a contracting entity that is not a health insurer or dental carrier.

(b) All of the following are met:

(i) The provider network contract specifically states that the contracting entity may enter into an agreement with third parties allowing the third parties to obtain the contracting entity's rights and responsibilities as if the third party were the contracting entity, and if the contracting entity is a dental carrier, the provider chose to participate in third-party access at the time the provider network contract was entered into or renewed. If the contracting entity is an insurer, the third-party access provision of a provider network contract must specifically state that the provider network contract grants third-party access to the provider network and, for provider network contracts with dental carriers, that the dentist has the right to choose not to participate in third-party access.

(ii) The third party accessing the contract agrees to comply with all of the provider network contract's terms.

(iii) The contracting entity identifies, in writing or in electronic form to the provider, all third parties in existence as of the date the contract is entered into or renewed.

(iv) The contracting entity identifies all third parties in existence in a list on its website that is updated at least once every 30 days and displays the date the list was last updated.

(v) The contracting entity requires a third party to identify the source of the discount on all remittance advices or explanations of payment under which a discount is taken. This subparagraph does not apply to electronic transactions mandated by the health insurance portability and accountability act of 1996, Public Law 104-191.

(vi) The contracting entity notifies the third party of the termination of a provider network contract not later than 30 days after the termination date with the contracting entity.

(vii) A third party's right to a provider's discounted rate ceases as of the termination date of the provider network contract.

(viii) The contracting entity makes available a copy of the provider network contract relied on in the adjudication of a claim to a participating provider within 30 days after a request from the provider.

(2) A provider is not bound by or required to perform dental treatment or services under a provider network contract that has been granted by a contracting entity to a third party if the contracting entity does not meet the requirements under subsection (1).

(3) This section does not apply if any of the following apply:

(a) Access to a provider network contract is granted to a dental carrier or an entity operating in accordance with the same brand licensee program as the contracting entity or to an entity that is an affiliate of the contracting entity. A list of the contracting entity's affiliates must be made available to a provider on the contracting entity's website.

(b) Access to a provider network contract is granted by a dental carrier that retains the responsibility for administering the dental benefit plan in accordance with its applicable provider network contracts, including all fee schedules and processing policies.

(c) A provider network contract for dental services provided to beneficiaries under health care coverage that is established or maintained by a local, state, or federal government such as Medicaid established under title XIX of the social security act, 42 USC 1396 to 1396w-6, the state children's health insurance program established under title XXI of the social security act, 42 USC 1397aa to 1397mm, or Medicare advantage as that term is defined in section 3801.

(4) As used in this section:

(a) "Contracting entity" means a person that enters into direct contracts with providers for the delivery of dental services in the ordinary course of business, including a third-party administrator and a dental carrier.

(b) "Dental benefit plan" means a benefits plan that pays or provides dental expense benefits for covered dental services and is delivered or issued for delivery by or through a dental carrier on a stand-alone basis.

(c) "Dental carrier" means a nonprofit dental care corporation, dental insurance company, dental service corporation, dental plan organization authorized to provide dental benefits, or health benefits plan that includes coverage for dental services.

(d) "Dental services" means services for the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, or cure of a dental condition, illness, injury, or disease. Dental services does not include services delivered by a provider that are billed as medical expenses under a health benefits plan.

(e) "Dentist" means that term as defined in section 2701 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.2701.

(f) "Provider" means a person that, acting within the scope of licensure or certification, provides dental services or supplies defined by the health benefits or dental benefit plan. Provider does not include a physician organization or physician hospital organization that leases or rents the physician organization's or physician hospital organization's network to a third party.

(g) "Provider network contract" means a contract between a contracting entity and a provider that specifies the rights and responsibilities of the contracting entity and provides for the delivery and payment of dental services to an enrollee.

(h) "Third party" means a person that enters into a contract with a contracting entity or with another third party to gain access to the dental services or contractual discounts of a provider network contract. Third party does not include an employer or other group for whom the dental carrier or contracting entity provides administrative services.