March 07, 2023, Introduced by Reps. Miller, Byrnes, McKinney, Morgan, Edwards, Wilson, Hood, Haadsma, Neeley, Paiz, Coffia, Brixie, Dievendorf, Rheingans, Churches, Mentzer, Young, Brabec and Arbit and referred to the Committee on Government Operations.

A bill to designate the month of January of each year as Cervical Cancer Awareness Month.

the people of the state of michigan enact:

Sec. 1. (1) The legislature recognizes the American Cancer Society's cervical cancer estimate for the United States in 2023. The estimate indicates both of the following:

(a) Approximately 13,960 new cases of invasive cervical cancer will be diagnosed.

(b) Approximately 4,310 women will die from cervical cancer.

(2) The legislature recognizes the World Health Organization's cervical cancer information, which indicates all of the following:

(a) With an estimated 604,000 new cases and 342,000 deaths in 2020, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide. Approximately 90% of the new cases and deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries.

(b) HPV 16 and HPV 18 are responsible for nearly 50% of high-grade cervical precancers.

(c) HPV is mainly transmitted through sexual contact, and most people are infected with HPV shortly after the onset of sexual activity. More than 90% of the infected population eventually clears the infection.

(d) Women living with HIV are 6 times more likely to develop cervical cancer compared to women living without HIV.

(e) Vaccination against HPV and the screening and treatment of precancerous lesions are cost-effective ways to help prevent cervical cancer.

(f) It is possible to cure cervical cancer if it is diagnosed at an early stage and treated promptly.

(3) In recognition of the people that have been affected by cervical cancer and to help raise awareness for cervical cancer prevention, screening, and treatment, the legislature declares that the month of January of each year shall be known as "Cervical Cancer Awareness Month".

(4) As used in this section:

(a) "HIV" means human immunodeficiency virus.

(b) "HPV" means human papillomavirus.