MCL - Act 359 of 1947


Act 359 of 1947

AN ACT to authorize the incorporation of charter townships; to provide a municipal charter therefor; to prescribe the powers and functions thereof; and to prescribe penalties and provide remedies.

History: 1947, Act 359, Eff. Oct. 11, 1947 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 144, Eff. Mar. 23, 1999

The People of the State of Michigan enact:
Document Type Description
Section 42.1 Section Short title; charter townships; incorporation; powers, privileges, immunities and liabilities; petition; special census; expenses.
Section 42.1a Section Emergency financial manager; authority and responsibilities.
Section 42.1b Section Minimum staffing requirement; adoption of ordinance prohibited.
Section 42.2 Section Incorporation; referendum; ballot, form and content; filing of petition or resolution by township clerk; finality of proceedings; term of incumbent officers; disincorporation.
Section 42.2a Section Violation of MCL 168.1 to 168.992 applicable to petitions; penalties.
Section 42.3 Section Incorporation; submission of proposition to electors, time; petitions, verification of signatures.
Section 42.3a Section Notice to clerk of township not incorporated as charter township; resolution of township board; notice of right to referendum; petition; signatures; submitting question of incorporation at general or special election; wording of ballot.
Section 42.4 Section Nomination of candidates for township office; conducting primary election; duties of township clerk; duties and composition of board of township election commissioners.
Section 42.5 Section Township board; election of members; powers and duties; supervisor as presiding and executive officer; authentication of instruments; president pro tem; clerk; record of proceedings; temporary clerk.
Section 42.6 Section Charter township board; compensation and expenses of members.
Section 42.6a Section Ordinance establishing procedure for determining salary of elected official; contents; conducting business at public meeting; public notice; resolution implementing ordinance; petition for referendum; change of procedure; decreasing salary of elected township official.
Section 42.7 Section Township board; meetings; conducting business at public meeting; notice of meeting; transacting business at special meeting; quorum; adjournment; rules and order of business; journal; voting; availability of certain writings to public; attendance and conduct at meetings; misconduct in office; sergeant-at-arms.
Section 42.8 Section Charter township board; monthly publication of proceedings; notices and ordinances; posting.
Section 42.9 Section Township officers; powers and duties; additional officers, limitations.
Section 42.10 Section Township superintendent; appointment; delegation of powers and duties of township supervisor.
Section 42.10a Section Township manager; employment; service; duties.
Section 42.11 Section Township superintendent; tenure; qualifications; residency requirements; waiver.
Section 42.11a Section Township assessors; appointment, powers and duties, compensation.
Section 42.12 Section Township police force; establishment; township marshal, appointment; rules; policemen, powers and duties.
Section 42.13 Section Township fire department; establishment; township fire chief, appointment; rules and regulations; refusal to aid at fire, penalty.
Section 42.13a Section Free public library; establishment or reestablishment and maintenance; conditions; ordinance; resolution; board of directors; appointment of library advisory committee; rules and regulations; state aid.
Section 42.14 Section Charter township; power to acquire property; approval of electors.
Section 42.14a Section Bonds for public improvements; issuance; approval required; exceptions; limitation on net indebtedness; computation of net indebtedness; bonds subject to MCL 141.2101 to 141.2821; computation of net indebtedness.
Section 42.15 Section Ordinances to provide for peace, health, and safety; licenses, granting, fees, bonds.
Section 42.16 Section Streets, alleys, bridges and public places; regulation of use; record of ordinances, filing.
Section 42.17 Section Construction of buildings; powers and liabilities of charter townships as to public health and safety.
Section 42.18 Section Joint action with other governmental unit or agency.
Section 42.19 Section Ordinances, resolutions, rules and regulations of former township; continuation.
Section 42.20 Section Legislation to be ordinance or resolution; form, passage, amendment, recording, authentication, and compilation of ordinances.
Section 42.21 Section Violation of ordinances; sanction; designation as civil infraction; act or omission constituting crime; penalty; distribution of fines.
Section 42.21a Section Police officers; right to pursue, arrest, and detain person outside of charter township limits.
Section 42.21b Section Police officer or constable; authority to execute bench warrant.
Section 42.21c Section Regulation of recreational trailway; posting of ordinance; violation as municipal civil infraction; penalty.
Section 42.22 Section Ordinance; publication; effective date; publication of summary or true copy; catch lines required; drafting of summary.
Section 42.23 Section State law or standard code; adoption as township ordinance by citation; publication, distribution, charge.
Section 42.24 Section Submission of itemized estimates of anticipated expenditures; preparation and submission of budget proposal; time.
Section 42.25 Section Budget proposal; contents; commencement of fiscal year.
Section 42.26 Section Budget; notice, public hearing, prior public inspection.
Section 42.27 Section Adoption of budget by township board; resolution; appropriation; tax levy; limitation; separate appropriation for fire and police departments; tax collection; interim budget.
Section 42.28 Section Budget or supplemental appropriations; expenditure, restrictions; unencumbered balances, transfer, reappropriation.
Section 42.29 Section Quarterly statement of estimated and actual income and expenses; submission by supervisor to township board; reduction of appropriations, exceptions.
Section 42.30 Section Annual audit of accounts; results, filing, public inspection; annual report of township business.
Section 42.31 Section Local or public improvements; approval; determination of necessity; special assessments; bonds.
Section 42.32 Section Succession to properties of former township; suits or prosecutions, debts and liabilities, uncollected taxes and assessments.
Section 42.33 Section Liberal construction of act.
Section 42.34 Section Exemption of charter township from annexation to contiguous city or village; exceptions.